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Borobudur, or Barabudur, could be a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist monument close to Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The monument contains six sq. platforms topped by 3 circular platforms, and is embellished with two,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. A main dome, located at the middle of the highest platform, is surrounded by seventy two Buddha statues seated within perforated stupa.
The monument is each a shrine to the Lord Buddha and an area for Buddhist pilgrimage. The journey for pilgrims begins at the bottom of the monument and follows a path circumambulating the monument whereas ascending to the highest through the 3 levels of Buddhist cosmology, particularly Kāmadhātu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms) and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness). throughout the journey, the monument guides the pilgrims through a system of stairways and corridors with one,460 narrative relief panels on the walls and also the balustrades.
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Evidence suggests Borobudur was abandoned following the 14th-century decline of Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms in Java, and also the Javanese conversion to Islam. Worldwide information of its existence was sparked in 1814 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, then the British ruler of Java, who was suggested of its location by native Indonesians. Borobudur has since been preserved through many restorations. the biggest restoration project was undertaken between 1975 and 1982 by the Indonesian government and UNESCO, following that the monument was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage web site. Borobudur continues to be used for pilgrimage; once a year Buddhists in Indonesia celebrate Vesak at the monument, and Borobudur is Indonesia's single most visited tourist attraction.